Fifth Grade Curriculum



  • Read grade level text aloud , independently with correct pace and expression.
  • Learn and use new vocabulary through listening, discussion or reading.
  • Use a thesaurus to determine related words and concepts.
  • Listen to, read and discuss a wide variety of narrative and informational text.
  • Find information in specialized material (examples: online sources, magazines, catalogs).
  • Identify key facts and information on a topic after reading several articles or selections.
  • Make and confirm predictions about a text.
  • Distinguish between cause-and-effect and between fact and opinion in an expository text.
  • Read, listen and respond to a wide variety of literature from a wide variety of cultures and time periods.
  • Use knowledge of the setting and characters to interpret the character’s actions.
  • Define figurative language.
  • Understand an author’s purpose.
  • Identify and give examples of the elements of fiction.


  • Understand and use the writing process (pre-write, draft, revise, edit and publish).
  • Write essays and stories across the curriculum that are well organized, supported by details and descriptive.
  • Write texts of different modes (narrative, expository, persuasive) and forms (journals, essays, short stories, poems, etc.)  identify and write to audience and purpose.
  • Use correct spelling, grammar, punctuation, capitalization and penmanship across the curriculum.

 Listening & Speaking

  • Deliver an oral message while demonstrating control of eye-contact, volume, rate and expression while using oral, visual and multi-media forms that are appropriate to audience and purpose.


Managing Information

  • Use table of contents, index, glossary, atlas, almanac, dictionary and thesaurus.
  • Understand how to search for items using the library catalog and local library materials using call number.
  • Locate information or research a topic using more than one source.
  • Create a bibliography using format rules.
  • Understand copyright and plagiarism.

Appreciating Literature

  • Identify a story’s sequence of events.
  • Identify cause-and-effect relationship.
  • Make predictions based on clues.
  • Reach logical conclusions.
  • Distinguish between fact and opinion, fiction and nonfiction.
  • Read and identify characteristics of a variety of genre.
  • Identify where a selection may be located in the library.
  • Read and identify classics and award winning books.
  • Use the library for selecting recreational reading materials.

Understanding Mass Media

  • Identify various media used to convey information.
  • Describe the function of different elements in magazines and newspapers.
  • Create a media work for a specific purpose.


  • Listen/respond to Scripture.
  • Actively participate in prayer experiences using a variety of formats.
  • Respond creatively to lessons taught.
  • Read lives of saints and share with classmates.
  • Discuss and ask questions.
  • Reflect on self and the service rendered to others.
  • Demonstrate knowledge and appreciation of the Scriptures.
  • Relates learning to and think critically about real-life situations.
  • Participate in liturgical services, especially Holy Week.
  • Initiate prayer services.
  • Pray using different formats.
  • Raise questions about Faith in order to learn more.
  • Manifest compassion and concern for others.
  • Read and explain passages from Scripture.
  • Trace themes in the Bible.
  • Explain the symbols of the Sacraments.
  • Discuss characteristics of holiness found in people in the Scripture and today’s society.
  • Act as peacemaker.
  • Discuss the connection between Scripture and one’s own life.
  • Dramatize stories/plays/poems about Scripture.
  • Relate historical events and persons to the time of Jesus and the early Church.


Calculations & Estimations

  • Order, model and compare common fractions, decimals and percentages.
  • Recognize characteristics of odd, even, prime and composite numbers.
  • Divide by two digit numbers.
  • Add, subtract, multiply and divide order fractions, decimals, percentages and whole numbers..
  • Model percentages to determine equivalent decimals.
  • Determine order of operation.

Statistics & Probability

  • Understand and use mean, median, mode and range.
  • Understand basic concepts of sampling.
  • Represent and interpret data using tables, circle graphs, bar graphs and plot graphs.
  • Connect simple fractional probabilities to events.

Algebraic Relationships

  • Represent and analyze patterns and functions using words, tables, graphs or simple algebraic expressions.
  • Represent the idea of a variable as an unknown quantity using a letter or symbol.
  • Represent and evaluate algebraic expressions involving a single variable.


  • Know conversion between Fahrenheit and Celsius temperatures.
  • Develop and use formulas for determining the perimeter and area of rectangles and related triangles and parallelograms.
  • Use metric measurements to make estimates of length, weight and volume.


  • Identify, describe, compare and classify triangles by their sides and angles.
  • Accurately draw and label triangles, angles and line segments using measuring tools.
  • Identify and build three-dimensional objects from two-dimensional representations.
  • Understand and measure acute, right and obtuse angles in degrees.


Physical Science

  • Know states of matter (solid, liquid, gas, plasma, heating, cooling).

Life Science

  • Know that cells: need food, water, air and are visible using a microscope.
  • Describe life cycle and survival of organisms.

Earth & Space Science

  • Describe weather patterns .
  • Identify stars and planets, the Earth and moon’s orbits.
  • Understand recycling and its impact on the environment.


  • Understand and use the scientific process.

 Unifying Concepts & Processes

  • Describe interactions among parts of a system.
  • Construct a model of a real thing.
  • Recognize change over time.

History & Nature of Science

  • Know ways and places people practice science.
  • Know how new observations may resolve differences in explanations.

Science In Personal & Social Perspectives

  • Contrast observations and inferences.
  • Know that inventions are likely to lead to other inventions.
  • Know the effect of choices on availability of natural resources.
  • Understand how scientific developments can help keep us safe.

Science & Technology

  • Know that tools are used to gather scientific information.
  • Understand how use of technology in solving problems can cause new problems.
  • Design a scientific project.


  • Recognize the need for age-appropriate hygiene.
  • Introduce male and female reproductive systems.


Civics & Government

  • Understand how the branches of federal government work.
  • Know how the U.S. makes treaties with other nations.
  • Know how federal laws are made.
  • Identify essential ideas of  U.S. government, the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.
  • Identify basic rights given to U.S. citizens and how individuals can participate in the democratic process.
  • Understand how U.S. has interacted with other nations in our past (examples: France, England, Spain).
  • Identify functions of federal states and local governments.
  • Understand democracy.


  • Understand nature of war and conflict.
  • Recognize that people earn income by exchanging labor for wages and salaries.
  • Understand exchange of goods and services among colonists and Native Americans.
  • Recognize that nations interact through trade.
  • Know that a budget is a record-keeping plan for managing income.
  • Trace the development of technology and the impact of major inventions on business productivity.


  • Identify major landforms, bodies of water, vegetation and climates of  U.S., principle parallels and meridians (examples: equator, arctic circle).
  • Understand how physical geography affects migration and settlement patterns.
  • Know ways Native Americans and early settlers adapted to and changed the environment.
  • Use maps and other visual representations.


  • Understand the causes, course and impact of the American Revolution.
  • Know contributions of North American peoples from pre-history through the period of the American Revolution.

Social Science Analysis

  • Gather, use and document information from multiple sources (examples: print, electronic, human, primary, secondary).
  • Examine one issue, event or problem through inquiry and research.


  • Recognize simple technical and organization elements and understands the emotional impact that music can have.
  • Use appropriate music terminology in explaining various technical and organizational elements of music.
  • Explain various purposes for creating and performing music.
  • Begin to identify how people’s experiences influence the development of works of music and music forms.
  • Compare pieces of music from a variety of different cultures.
  • Recognize simple technical and organization elements and understands the emotional impact that music can have.
  • Use appropriate music terminology in explaining various technical and organizational elements of music.
  • Identify and describes the sounds of a variety of instruments including orchestra and band instruments, instruments of various cultures, as well as children’s, male and female voices.
  • Utilize personal preferences and their relationship to music elements.
  • Demonstrate their ability to plan an instrument as part of the band.


  • Recognize simple technical and organization elements and understands the emotional impact that music can have.
  • Use appropriate music terminology in explaining various
  • Identify different media forms and begin to select appropriate materials, tools and processes to communicate intended idea, experience or story.
  • Develop a basic understanding of the elements and principles of design and begin to identify them in their work.
  • Describe using appropriate technical terms, how different materials, techniques and processes cause different effects and responses.
  • Continue to use art materials and tools in a safe, responsible manner.
  • Reflect and communicate the effectiveness of their own art work verbally and in writing.
  • Identify basic artistic elements and principles (using appropriate technical terms) which can be seen in art works.
  • Identify and describes a variety of forms of art.
  • Identify personal preference and their relationship to artistic elements (i.e. describe why they like or dislike a piece: “I like the way the artist shows speed with use of the line")
  • Explain various purposes for creating works of visual art.
  • Describe ways an artwork reflects the artist’s experiences and/or culture.
  • Compare several pieces of art from historical periods and cultures.


Expressive & Efficient Moving

  • Demonstrate the use of a foot dribble, hand dribble, strike, throw, catch and volley.
  • Perform one dance or rhythmic activity to music.
  • Demonstrate improvement in a new motor skill.
  • Use basic offensive and defensive roles in physical activities, games or sports.
  • Identify rules and procedures in specified physical activities.


  • Identify changes in his/her body during moderate to vigorous exercise (examples: perspiration, increased heart rate and breathing rates).
  • Identify and assess fitness components.

Self-Management & Social Behavior

  • Explain and demonstrate safety, rules and etiquette to be used in physical activities.


  • Talk to your child about school.
  • Check your child’s homework.
  • Emphasize worthwhile learning activities.
  • Attend school meetings.
  • Talk to the school about your child’s progress.
  • Read to your child.
  • Provide a variety of reading materials in the home and frequently take your child to the library.
  • Promote school attendance and discourage absenteeism.
  • Encourage your child to participate in learning activities when school is not in session.
  • Keep in touch with your child’s teacher.
  • Volunteer to participate in school activities.