First Grade Curriculum

First graders begin each day with prayer and specific routines which create a calm environment where students can begin to share leadership in the classroom. First graders learn the basic daily prayers which allow them to participate in Mass and our community but they also have opportunities to express their unique love for God and their thanks for His gifts. This is the year young children become students.  Mastery of skills introduced in kindergarten is expected and necessary for emergent readers, authors, scientists and mathematicians to succeed.  We know that an integral part of academic success is physical, social, and emotional well being so first grade devotes time to building life skills and the concepts of mutual respect as a healthy community of learners.

ENGLISH / LANGUAGE ARTS

Reading
Match oral words to printed words.
Create and state a series of rhyming words.
Listen and distinguish long and short vowel sounds in words.
Blend and separate sounds in words.
Use letter sound knowledge to sound out unknown words.
Read high frequency words (end of year goal of 1-100).
Read appropriate grade level text aloud with accuracy, in a manner that sounds like natural speech.
Read appropriate grade level text independently.
Can read between 35-65 correct words per minute by the end of the year.
Listen to or read a wide variety of text (fiction, non-fiction, poetry, magazines, etc.).
Demonstrate comprehension of text through discussion of stories read aloud or individually.
Notice when an error is made in independent reading and self-correct for meaning.
Understand, learn and use new vocabulary.
Use context to understand word and sentence meaning.
Obtain information from printed material.
Describe new information gained from reading or listening to an informational text.
Retell the main events of a story in sequence (beginning, middle and end).
Relate prior knowledge and / or personal experiences to a story.
Predict what will happen next in a story.

Writing
Print legibly and space letters, words and sentences appropriately.
Correctly write and punctuate a simple sentence.
Use knowledge of letter sounds to spell independently.
Use resources around room to assist in spelling (examples: word wall, personal dictionary).
Correctly spell short vowel words.
With support, explore other types of writing (reports, expository descriptions, directions, etc.).
Write a brief story that describes an experience (beginning, middle and end).
With assistance, compose a reasonable first draft using some parts of the writing process (planning, reading for meaning, some self-correcting).

Listening & Speaking
Listen attentively and ask questions to clarify understanding.
Stay on topic when speaking.
Share a personal experience in a logical sequence.

ESSENTIAL LITERACIES

 Managing Information
Identify title page information.
Use alphabetical and numerical order.
Use charts, illustrations, graphs and diagrams.

Appreciating Literature
Identify a story’s sequence of events.
Make predictions based on clues from a work.
Reach logical conclusions.
Distinguish between fact and opinion, fiction and nonfiction.
Listen to and identify classics and award winning books.
Identify where an item may be located in the library.
Use the library for selecting recreational reading materials.

RELIGION
Explore the world in order to learn about and appreciate God’s creation.
Thank God for His creation/make up thank you prayers.
Listen/respond to Scripture stories.
Participate in liturgical/sacramental celebrations.
Participate in daily prayer experiences.
Participate in service opportunities.
Visit the parish church.
Know the Pastor/Pastoral Ministers by name.
Demonstrate knowledge of simple liturgical gestures: genuflecting, making the Sign of the Cross, using holy water.
Articulate learning of doctrine/lesson presented.
Ask questions about the Faith.
Experience the faith community of the classroom/school/parish/community.
Know and recite prayers appropriate to grade level.

MATH

Calculations & Estimations
Read, write, order and identify whole numbers less than 100.
Identify, order and compare coins by making equivalent amount up to 25 cents.
Count by 5 and 10 to 100.
Find sums and differences less than 20.

Statistics & Probability
Identify “how many more or less” and “how many altogether” from pictographs and bar graphs.
Gather, sort and classify data and represent data using concrete objects and pictographs.

Algebraic Relationships
Sort and classify objects using one or more attributes.
Supply missing element in or extend number patterns.
Understand the meaning of equals and use the = symbol.
Construct and solve simple number sentences with sums and differences up to 10 with fluency.

Measurement
Identify days of the week, months and interpret calendar information.
Tell time to the nearest hour / half hour using analog and digital clocks.

Geometry
Identify, describe and classify basic shapes.
Create repeating geometric shapes using manipulatives (example: two triangles can make a square).

SCIENCE

Physical Science
Understand matter and changes that happen in the physical world.
Describe objects (sinking and floating, shapes).
Recognize evaporation.
Understand gravity.
Understand that the sun warms the Earth.
Understand the need for recycling and its impact on the environment.

Life Science
Understand organisms.
Recognize physical characteristics, how people use their senses, and what they need to survi
Understand that traits are passed from parent to offspring.
Describe a life cycle.
Describe composting as recycling.

Earth & Space Science
Identify the structure of the Earth system.
Know that the Earth is made up of rock, soil, water and air.
Watch daily changes in weather.

Inquiry
Make observations.
Follow a list of steps.
Describe simple observations.
Describe data from a graph.
Ask follow up questions

Unifying Concepts & Processes
Know that things may not work if they are missing parts.
Observe and describe changes in the world.
Ask questions about the world around you.

Science & Technology
People are always inventing new ways to solve problems and get work done.
Tools are used to observe, measure and make things.

HEALTH
Recognize the six groups on the food guide pyramid.
Identify the connection between food and good health.
Practice healthful personal care behaviors.
Identify the five senses and their functions.
Identify ways germs enter the body.
Identify the differences between use and misuse of anything
Identify the positive ways to cope with emotions.


SOCIAL STUDIES

Civics & Government
Understand the need for laws and authority to provide security, order and conflict resolution.
Apply traits of a good citizen (examples: fair play, good sportsmanship, helping others, self-control, responsibility for own actions, valuing truthfulness, voting).
Identify American songs and symbols.
Identify similarities and differences among countries and nations.
Understand family rules and responsibilities.
Identify voting as a decision-making tool.

Economics
Identify services that people provide for each other (examples: farmer grows food, dentist cares for teeth, barber cuts hair).
Recognize how people are both producers and consumers.
Know ways to save money.
Introduce scarcity.

Geography
Know terms used to describe distance (examples: feet, yards, meters, miles), the four cardinal directions and hemispheres (examples: north, south, east, and west).
Recognize a map of the United States.
Know location of community, city, state and country on a map and globe.
Give examples of natural resources.
Create a simple  map.

 History
Understand calendar time (examples: days, weeks, months and years) and commemorative holidays.
Recognize similarities and differences of earlier generations in such areas as work, dress, manners, stories, games and festivals.
Listen to legends and historical accounts through stories.
Introduce commemorative holidays.

Social Science Analysis
Identify current event topics.
Know differences between “questions” and “comments.”
Identify concept of empathy.
Identify a problem in the environment.


MUSIC
Recognize that composers are people who write music.
Visually identify different families of instruments.
Recognize the differences in singing and speaking voices.
Explore different music experiences.
Begin to use appropriate music terminology.
Listen to a variety of sources of music sounds (choral and instrumental-live and recorded).
Begin to understand that there can be purposes for creating and performing music.
Discuss ways that music can reflect different cultures.
Listen to music from a variety of different cultures.
Express moods, ideas, feelings by creating a dance or drawing in response to listening to music.
Begin to identify what one feels when listening to music.
Perform dance and actions to songs.

VISUAL ARTS
Describe, explore and create using different materials, tools and techniques to communicate ideas, experiences and stories.
Begin to recognize and use simple artistic elements (i.e. line, color, shape, texture, form, value, space).
Explore how different materials, techniques and processes can create different effects and cause different responses.
Begin to use art materials and  tools in a safe, responsible manner.
Communicate about one’s own art work verbally.
Observe and discuss art works.
Use a variety of types of visual art.
Begin to identify what you see and feel about the work of art.
Recognize primary and secondary colors.
Discuss ways that art works can reflect cultural differences.

PHYSICAL EDUCATION

Expressive & Efficient Movement
Identify and perform a variety of developmental movement patterns (examples: throwing, kicking, catching).

Fitness for A Lifetime
Practice exercises which develop strength, flexibility and cardiovascular endurance.
Show enjoyment and participate in a variety of physical activities.

Self-Management & Social Behavior
Practice consistent behavior of good sportsmanship.
Identify cooperative behavior (example: following directions).
Practice specific rules for a variety of games and activities.

PARENT TIPS
Talk to your child about school.
Check your child’s homework.
Emphasize worthwhile learning activities.
Attend school meetings.
Talk to the school about your child’s progress.
Read to your child.
Provide a variety of reading materials in the home and frequently take your child to the library.
Promote school attendance and discourage absenteeism.
Encourage your child to participate in learning activities when school is not in session.
Keep in touch with your child’s teacher.
Volunteer to participate in school activities.

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