Language Arts 6-8

 Grade 6

 READING

Vocabulary and Concept Development
Distinguish and interpret figurative language and multiple-meaning words (e.g., colloquial expression, idioms, metaphors)
Use context clues to choose the correct meaning for given words or phrases
Use root words to help define words in context

Comprehension
Develop a statement that best indicates the main idea of the reading selection
Cite supporting details in text and provide information about characters and setting
Examine explicit relationships such as cause and effect, sequence-time relationships, comparisons, classifications, and generalizations
Identify an author’s point of view or perspective in text
Determine whether there is support in the passage to draw a particular conclusion
Determine if biases or stereotypes have influenced the conclusion
Distinguish where an identified portion of a reading is fact or opinion

WRITING

Ideas and Content
Provide a clear and identifiable purpose and main idea in writing
Provides relevant supporting details
Provides content and selected details that considers audience and purpose
Uses resources, when appropriate, to provide accurate support

Organization
Develops a recognizable beginning that contains a clearly stated topic
Develops a clearly sequenced body that is easy to follow with accurate placement of supporting details
Develops a conclusion (end) that summarizes or retells and communicates a planned ending
Uses transitional words or phrases that are clear
 

Sentence Fluency
Develops sentences that vary in length and beginnings|
Creates sentences that flow together and sound natural

Word Choice
Uses a variety of words that seem to fit the topic, audience, and purpose
Experiments with new words and attempts to use language that interests the audience

Writing Conventions
Identify and use prepositional phrases as sentence expanders
Recognize and avoid run-ons and fragments
Identify and use quotes, commas, capitals, and semicolons
Use grade appropriate spelling

Forms of Writing (Modes)
Use the writing process to write a story (e.g., apply process steps in writing: pre-write, write, revise, publish)
Understands the six writing traits used by the State of Oregon to assess student writing (e.g., ideas and content, organization, word choice, sentence fluency, writing conventions, and voice)

LITERATURE

Literary Elements/Devices
Recognize and examine how character, plot, setting, and theme contribute to the meaning of a literary selection
Examine the uses and effects of literary devices such as figurative language, allusion, dialect, and dialogue in a literary selection

Literary Forms
Identify characteristics of literary forms (e.g., poem, rhyme, repetition of sounds, fewer words than prose)
Distinguish between various literary forms (e.g., biography versus autobiography)

SPEAKING
Convey clear, focused main ideas with accurate, relevant supporting details, including documentation of sources, appropriate to audience and purpose
Demonstrate organization by developing a beginning, middle, and end and by providing clear sequencing of ideas and transitions
Use descriptive and accurate words appropriate to audience and purpose
Demonstrate control of eye contact, speaking rate, volume, enunciation, and gestures appropriate to audience and purpose

Grade 7

 READING

Vocabulary and Concept Development
Infer word meanings through identification and analysis of analogies and other word relationships (e.g., colloquial expressions, idioms, metaphors)
Use knowledge of root words to understand content area vocabulary
Use context clues to chose the correct meaning for given words or phrases

Comprehension
Identify the order of events form a specific event and/or a sequence of events
Develop a statement that best indicates the main idea of the reading selection
Determine and paraphrase details such as key words,  phrases, or sentences that explicitly state important  characteristics, circumstances or similarities and differences in characters, times or places
Determine fact from opinion
Identify and trace the development of an author’s argument, point of view or perspective in text
Examine explicit relationships such as cause and effect, sequence-time relationships, comparison, classifications, and generalizations

WRITING

Ideas and Content
Provide a clear and identifiable purpose and main idea in writing
Provides relevant supporting details
Provides content and selected details that considers audience and purpose
Uses resources, when appropriate, to provide accurate support

Organization
Develops a recognizable beginning that contains a clearly stated topic
Develops a clearly sequenced body that is easy to follow with accurate placement of supporting details
Develops a conclusion (end) that summarizes or retells and communicates a planned ending
Uses transitional words or phrases that are clear

Sentence Fluency
Develops sentences that vary in length and beginnings ·  Creates sentences that flow together and sound natural
Experiments with new words and attempts to use language that interests the audience
Attempts to include originality, liveliness, and humor

Conventions
Identify and use prepositional phrases as sentence expanders
Recognize and avoid run-ons and fragments
Use consistent point of view (first, second, or third person)
Identify and use transitional devices
Identify and use quotes, commas, capitals, and semicolons
Use grade appropriate spelling

Forms of Writing (Modes)
Use the writing process to write a story (e.g., apply process steps in writing: pre-write, write, revise, publish)
Understands the six writing traits used by the State of Oregon to assess student writing (e.g., ideas and content, organization, word choice, sentence fluency, writing conventions, and voice)
Write using expository (giving information), imaginative (presenting an inventive story or information), and persuasive (convincing the reader of a point of view or to take a specific action) modes


LITERATURE

Literary Elements/Devices
Recognize and examine how character, plot, setting, and theme contribute to the meaning of a literary selection
Examine the uses and effects of literary devices such as figurative language, allusion, dialect, and dialogue in a literary selection

 Literary Forms
Identify characteristics of literary forms (e.g., poem, rhyme, repetition of sounds, fewer words than prose)
Distinguish between various literary forms (e.g., biography versus autobiography)

SPEAKING
Convey clear, focused main ideas with accurate, relevant supporting details, including documentation of sources, appropriate to audience and purpose
Demonstrate organization by developing a beginning, middle, and end and by providing clear sequencing of ideas and transitions
Use descriptive and accurate words appropriate to audience and purpose
Demonstrate control of eye contact, speaking rate, volume, enunciation, and gestures appropriate to audience and purpose

Grade 8

 READING

Vocabulary and Concept Development
Use idioms, analogies, metaphors and similes to infer the literal and figurative meanings of phrases (colloquial expressions, idioms, metaphors)
Use root words to choose the correct meaning for given words or phrases

Comprehension
Identify the order of events from a specific event and/or a sequence of events
Develop a thesis statement that best indicates the main idea of the reading selection
Determine fact from opinion text
Identify and trace the development of an author’s argument, point of view or perspective in text
Examine explicit relationships such as cause and effect, sequence-time relationships, comparison, classifications, and generalizations
Predict probable future outcomes or actions in reading selections|
Determine whether the information used to draw the conclusion is accurate
Determine whether biases or stereotypes influenced the conclusion
Evaluate the coherence, logic, internal consistency and organizational patterns of text
Determine fact from opinion in text
Determine if the conclusion can be related to other issues or situations

WRITING

Ideas and Content
Provide a clear and identifiable purpose and main idea in writing
Provides relevant supporting details
Provides content and selected details that considers audience and purpose
Uses resources, when appropriate, to provide accurate support 

Organization
Develops a recognizable beginning that contains a clearly stated topic
Develops a clearly sequenced body that is easy to follow with accurate placement of supporting details
Develops a conclusion (end) that summarizes or retells and communicates a planned ending
Uses transitional words or phrases that are clear

Sentence Fluency
Develops sentences that vary in length and beginnings
Creates sentences that flow together and sound natural

Word Choice
Uses a variety of words that seem to fit the topic, audience, and purpose
Experiments with new words and attempts to use language that interests the audience

 Voice
Attempts to include originality, liveliness, and humor

Writing Conventions
Uses consistent verb tenses
Identify and use prepositional phrases as sentence expanders
Recognize and avoid run-on sentences and fragments
Use consistent point of view (first, second, or third person)
Identify and use transitional devices
Use grade appropriate spelling
Identify and use possessives
Use apostrophes appropriately
Identify dependent and independent clauses

Forms of Writing (Modes)
Use the writing process to write a story (e.g., apply process steps in writing: pre-write, write, revise, publish)
Understands the six writing traits used by the State of Oregon to assess student writing (e.g., ideas and content, organization, word choice, sentence fluency, writing conventions, and voice)
Write using expository (giving information), imaginative (presenting an inventive story or information), and persuasive (convincing the reader of a point of view or to take a specific action) modes

LITERATURELiterary Elements/Devices
Recognize and examine how character, plot, setting, and theme contribute to the meaning of a literary selection
Examine the uses and effects of literary devices such as figurative language, allusion, dialect, and dialogue in a literary selection
Examine how stylistic decisions (e.g., structure, point of view, word choice, exaggerations) contribute to the impact of a literary selection

Literary Forms
Identify characteristics of literary forms (e.g., poem, rhyme, repetition of sounds, fewer words than prose)
Distinguish between various literary forms (e.g., biography versus autobiography)

Locating Information
Use tables of contents and indexes to locate specific information
Use information in illustrations, charts, graphs, and diagrams to help understand a reading passage
Use a glossary to locate words and/or help clarify word meaning
Use headings to locate where needed information is likely to be found

SPEAKING
Convey clear, focused main ideas with accurate, relevant supporting details, including documentation of sources, appropriate to audience and purpose
Demonstrate organization by developing a beginning, middle, and end and by providing clear sequencing of ideas and transitions
Use descriptive and accurate words appropriate to audience and purpose
Demonstrate control of eye contact, speaking rate, volume, enunciation, and gestures appropriate to audience and purpose

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