Kindergarten Curriculum

Prayer begins each morning, thanking God for all He has given us, talking to Him about our loved ones, giving Him our worries, knowing He is with us. Our kindergarteners develop an understanding of right and wrong and that respecting others helps the classroom community to run smoothly. We learn to share materials, manipulatives, and attention by acquiring skills to be able to do this without being bossy or rude. We recognize that there are productive ways to express ourselves and that what we say and do affects other people and plays a key role in making friends. Mastering this skill is an ongoing process and five-year-olds are just learning it. We work on being consistently able to share and be polite. We learn to problem solve and make age-appropriate decisions, to explore new things and to take some safe risks.  We focus on treating others as we would like to be treated.

Our kindergarten is an academically rigorous environment in which reading skills blossom and mathematical minds are challenged. In addition to learning the alphabet and the sounds of the letters, children learn to decode words, recognize sight words, and write down ideas.  We teach basic math skills, including numeral and number recognition, sorting, and patterning.

Kindergarten Hands
Kindergarten The Kissing Hands

READING
Literature
Understand concepts of print (examples: parts of a book, left to right, top to bottom).

Can distinguish differences in sounds of spoken language.
Understand that a letter represents a sound.
Recognize the letters and the sounds they represent
Know some words by sight (goal of 25).
Listen to and demonstrate understanding of a wide variety of text (examples: alphabet books, informational stories, literature and nursery rhymes).
Demonstrate familiarity with everyday print (examples: signs, labels, newspapers, etc.)
Correctly answer questions about a book read aloud.
Retell a story in sequence
Connect events in a story to life experiences.

Writing
With approximate accuracy, write upper and lower case letters of the alphabet.

Use letter-sound knowledge to write independently.
Spell some simple words correctly.
Write simple messages or directions for a specific reason.
Write a brief story (beginning, middle, end) with illustrations that match text.
Able to write name and some common words.
Write using beginning letter sounds.
Able to express ideas on paper through drawing and beginning writing.

Listening & Speaking
Listen when others are speaking.

Understand and follow simple oral directions.
Show and tell using props.
Tell about an experience or story using a logical sequence.
Share information in complete, coherent sentences.
Blend and separate sounds in short vowel words
Match oral words to printed words
Use role playing to better understand situations.

ESSENTIAL LITERACIES
Managing Information
Identify title page information.

Use charts, illustrations, graphs and diagrams.

Appreciating Literature
Identify a story’s sequence of events.

Listen to and identify classics and award winning books.
Use the library for selecting recreational reading materials.

Understanding  Media
Identify various media used to convey information

(examples: books, magazines, newspapers, TV websites, radio, videos, CD’s, etc.).

RELIGION
Name and act out things God has made.
Share favorite things which God has made.
Listen/respond to Scripture stories.
Acts out Scripture stories.
Retell Scripture stories in own words, drawings or in role-playing.
Respond creatively to lessons taught.
Demonstrate understanding of religious vocabulary.
Share stories abut feelings.
Participate in frequent prayer experiences.
Experience the faith community of the classroom/school/parish/community.
Participate in service opportunities appropriate to age.
Know and participate in liturgical season activities and celebrations.
Responds orally to a variety of questions.
Know and recite prayers appropriate to grade level.
Demonstrates empathy towards others.

MATH
Calculations & Estimations
Read, write, order and identify whole numbers less than 100.

Identify and differentiate money, penny, nickel, and dime.
Count to 100 using objects.
Use manipulatives for exploring + and –
Count by 2, 5, 10
Count using tally marks
Find sums and differences less than 6

Statistics & Probability
Identify “more or less” from pictographs and bar graphs.

Algebraic Relationships
Sort, classify and order objects by size, color, shape or other properties.

Create and extend patterns using concrete models.
Understand more than, equal to or less than.

Measurement
Identify measurements of length, weight and size.

Interpret calendar information
Identify parts of a digital or analogue clock
Tell time to the hour.
Understand concept related to time of day.

Geometry
Identify basic shapes.

Create shapes with manipulatives.
Identify plane and solid figures.

SCIENCE & HEALTH
Physical, Life, Earth Sciences
Describe size and color of objects.

Sort and classify collections.
Recognize the pattern of a cycle.

Understand that living things are everywhere.
Recognize that change happens to many things.
Identify the sun, moon, stars and Earth.
Understand that things can be reused or  recycled and the impact it has on the environment.

Inquiry
Raise questions about the world.

Make observations.
Follow a list of steps.
Describe or draw simple observations.
Describe data from a chart.

Unifying Concepts & Processes
Observe changes in the world.

History & Nature of Science
Know the difference between a statement and a question.

Healthy & Fit Body
Recognize the food guide pyramid as the basis for healthful eating.

Demonstrate good personal health habits.
Identify basic body parts.
Identify 5 senses and their functions
Name behaviors that help prevent the spread of infection.
Identify how others influence health choices.
Locate school and community health helpers.
Practice personal safety skills.
Practice problem solving skills.
Identify positive ways to respond to conflict.

SOCIAL STUDIES
Civics & Government
Understand the need for rules, leaders and authority.

Demonstrate the necessity of rights and responsibility of self (examples: taking turns, chores, care of personal belongings, respecting what belongs to others, following rules, practicing honesty, self-control and kindness to others).
Use voting for group decision-making.
Say the Pledge of Allegiance and discuss how the pledge is a promise to be loyal to the United States.

Economics
Understand how people work at jobs to provide for basic needs and wants.

Understand how limited resources force choices.
Introduce good decision making  with money.

Geography
Know that the globe is a model of the Earth.

Use terms to describe relative location (examples: near, far, up, down, left, right).
Introduce directional terms-north, south, east, west.
Use maps and mapping skills and locate places on maps.
Observe natural surroundings.
Learn basic global features (examples: oceans, continents, poles, axis).

History
Distinguish among past, present and future.

Identify importance of holidays and celebrations.

Social Science Analysis
Formulate questions to obtain answers about a specific topic of interest.

MUSIC
Explore different music experiences.
Begin to use appropriate music terminology.
Listen to a variety of sources of music sounds (choral and instrumental-live and recorded).
Begin to understand that there can be purposes for creating and performing music.
Explore ways that music can reflect different cultures.
Listen to music from a variety of different cultures.
Explore different music experiences.
Begin to use appropriate music terminology.
Listen to a variety of sources of music sounds (choral and instrumental-live and recorded).
Begin to identify what one feels when listening to music.

VISUAL ARTS
Explore different materials, tools and techniques and begin to create art.
Begin to create art using different materials, tools, and techniques to communicate ideas, experiences and stories.
Begin to recognize and use simple artistic elements (i.e. line, color, shape, texture, form, value, space).
Explore how different materials, techniques and processes can create different effects and cause different responses.
Begin to use art materials and  tools in a safe, responsible manner.
Communicate about their own artwork verbally
Observe and discusses art works.
Use a variety of types of visual art
Begin to identify what they see and feel about the work of art.
Create pieces of art for presentation
Introduce classic artists and their styles

PHYSICAL EDUCATION
Expressive & Efficient Moving
Identify and perform a variety of developmental movement patterns (examples: running, jumping, throwing).

Participate in quality exercise.
Enjoy and participate in a variety of physical activities.
Practice consistent behavior of good sportsmanship.
Identify cooperative behavior (example: following directions).Participate in a variety of body awareness activities (examples: tumbling, creative movement, balance)

PARENT TIPS
Talk to your child about school.

Check your child’s homework.
Emphasize worthwhile learning activities.
Attend school meetings.
Talk to the school about your child’s progress.
Read to your child.
Provide a variety of reading materials in the home and frequently take your child to the library.
Promote school attendance and discourage absenteeism.
Encourage your child to participate in learning activities when school is not in session.
Keep in touch with your child’s teacher.
Volunteer to participate in school activities.

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