Social Studies 6-8

Grade 6

ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS
WORLD HISTORY
Compare ancient civilizations (Egypt, Mesopotamia, Hebrew, Phoenician, and Persian) in terms of:
The development of social, political, and economic patterns
The development of religious traditions
The development of language and writing
Describe, analyze, and evaluate the history of ancient civilizations in terms of their impact on
The contributions of philosophers
The contributions of scientists, mathematicians, inventors
The contributions of artists, architects, writers
The contributions of history, language, religious institutions, law, and government
Analyze the reasons for the collapse of ancient civilizations

CIVICS/GOVERNMENT
Describe and compare the different government structures and powers in ancient civilizations and western civilization
Describe contributions of leaders (Menes, Alexander the Great)
Economics/Goods and Services
Identify natural and human resources that shaped the development of civilizations

GEOGRAPHY
Locate and identify by name the major countries in each region and the major rivers, mountain ranges, and surrounding bodies of water
Describe how natural geographic features affected the development of ancient civilizations and western Europe

 

GRADE 7

ACROSS THE CENTURIES
WORLD HISTORY
Describe, analyze, and evaluate the history of ancient civilizations in terms of their impact on western civilizations
The contributions of philosophers
The contributions of scientists, mathematicians, inventors
The contributions of artists, architects, writers
The contributions of history, language, religious institutions, law, and government
Analyze the reasons for the collapse of ancient civilizations
Compare and contrast major religions from ancient civilizations (Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduism)
Describe, analyze, and evaluate significant events of the Middle Ages in terms of its impact on western civilization
The structure of feudal society
The spread and influence of Christianity throughout Europe
Analyze the historical developments of the Renaissance
The role of trade and economic practices
The role of art and artists (Leonardo Da Vinci, Michaelangelo, Shakespeare)
Analyze the historical developments of the Reformation 
The beginnings of religious toleration and the spread of democracy

The reason the movement formed and its’ effect on  Christianity

CIVICS/GOVERNMENT
Describe and compare the different government structures and powers in ancient civilizations, Renaissance, Middle Ages, and western civilization
Describe contributions of leaders Julius Caesar, Charlemagne, and Henry VIII)
Economics/Goods and Services
Identify natural and human resources that shaped the development of civilizations

GEOGRAPHY
Locate and identify by name the major countries in each region and the major rivers, mountain ranges, and surrounding bodies of water
Describe how natural geographic features affected the development of ancient civilizations and western Europe

GRADE 8

A MORE PERFECT UNION
U.S. HISTORY
Trace the routes and evaluate early explorations of the Americas in terms of:
The motivations, obstacles, and accomplishments of sponsors and leaders of key expeditions from Spain, France, Portugal, and England
The political, economic, and social impact on the American Indians
Describe sources of dissatisfaction that led to the American Revolution
Describe the challenges faced by the new United States government, with emphasis on:
The writing of a new Constitution in 1787 and the struggles over ratification and the addition of a Bill of Rights
Conflicts between Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton that resulted in the emergence of two political parties

GEOGRAPHY
Locate on a United States map major physical features, bodies of water, exploration and trade routes
Analyze how selected physical and ecological processes shaped settlement patterns

CIVICS/GOVERNMENT
Describe life in the colonies in the eighteenth century from the perspective of large landowners, farmers, artisans, women and slaves
Analyze the United States Constitution and Bill of Rights
Describe the powers granted to the President, the Supreme Court, and those reserved to the states
Compare national, state, and local governments, with emphasis on:
The structures, functions and powers of the three levels
The election and appointment of officials
The division and sharing of powers among levels of government

WORLD HISTORY
Describe colonial America with emphasis on:
The factors that led to the founding of the colonies (i.e., escape form religious persecution, economic opportunity, release from prison, and military adventure)Describe the major military campaigns of the Revolutionary War and reasons why the colonies were able to defeat the British

UNITED STATES HISTORY
Describe the growth and change in America from 1801-1861, with emphasis on:
Identify causes, key events, and effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction, with emphasis on:
 Economic and philosophical differences between the North and South
The events leading to secession and war
Describing the leaders on both sides of the Civil War including Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, Frederick Douglas, and William Lloyd Garrison
Describing the critical developments in the Civil War including major battles, the Emancipation Proclamation and Lee’s surrender at Appomattox
Describing life on the battlefield and on the home front
Describing the impact of Reconstruction policies on the South
Analyze the causes and effects of major events of the Civil War
Explain how, following the Civil War, massive immigration, combined with rise of big business, heavy industry, and mechanized farming transformed American life, with emphasis on:
Western settlement and changing federal policy toward Native Americans
Growth of American cities, including the impact of racial and ethnic conflicts and the role of political machines

WORLD HISTORY
Describe the growth and change in America from 1801-1861, with emphasis on:
 Describing how territorial exploration, expansion, and settlement caused growth and change (Louisiana Purchase, the Lewis and Clark expedition, Texas, Oregon, and California Territories)
Describing how the relationships between the European powers, especially the formation of the Monroe Doctrine, influenced westward expansion

GEOGRAPHY
Develop skills for historical analysis, including the ability to:
 Locate on a United States map major physical features, bodies of water, exploration and trade routes
 Identify the states that formed the Confederacy and the states that formed the union during the Civil War
Chart major transportation pathways in westward expansion (railroads, canals, road)
Compare physical and human characteristics of the North and South
Explain the relationship between the need for natural resources and new markets and Imperialism (e.g., the Spanish-American War, the Panama Canal, Theodore Roosevelt’s “Big Stick Diplomacy”)
Relate current events to the physical and human characteristics of places and regions

UNITED STATES HISTORY
Analyze and explain Americans’ response to industrialization and urbanization with emphasis on:
 Muckraking literature and the rise of the progressive movement
 Women’s suffrage and temperance movements, and their impact on society
Child labor, working conditions and the rise of organized labor
Summarize causes and effects of the Industrial Revolution, with emphasis on:
 New inventions and industrial production methods
 New technologies in transportation and communication
 Incentives for capitalism and free enterprise
 The impact of immigration on the labor supply and the movement to organize workers
 Government policies affecting trade, monopolies, taxation, and money supply
 Expansion of international markets

ECONOMICS
Describe growth and change in America from 1801-1861, with emphasis on:
The impact of inventions, including the cotton gin, McCormick reaper, steamboat, and steam locomotive on life in America
Development of money, saving, and credit
Discuss the affect slave trade had on the United States economy

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